Nama Ramayana – Song, lyrics, meaning

Nama Ramayana is a beautiful poem composition of 108 names of Rama composed based on Valmiki Ramayan.

Valmiki Ramayan is written in 24000 verses. Nama Ramayana condenses that into 108 verses.

It follows the life story of Rama in 7 chapters (called Kaanda).

Baala Kaanda – Childhood chapter (He is born in the Kosala kingdom to Dasaratha and Kousalya. As a young adult he is sent to the Tataka vana to protect the sages)

Ayodhya Kaanda – Ayodhya chapter (After his return, he weds Seeta from the neighboring kingdom of Videha. When his father is about to coronate him, his step mother calls in an old favor and gets him exiled for 14 years so that her son and Rama’s stepbrother could be the king. Rama happily agrees and goes to the forest.)

Aranya Kaanda – Forest chapter (He is exiled for 14 years to the forest. He spends most of this time traveling, and meeting sages and fighting the rakshasas who disturb the peace. However at around 12.5yrs into his exile, an asura and the king of Lanka abducts Seeta. Rama sets out in search for her and travels south.)

Kishkinda Kaanda – (He passes through Kishkinda forest where he meets Hanuman and the monkey kingdom who agree to support him. Along with them he reaches the shores of Rameshwaram.)

Sundara Kaanda – (To find out if Seeta is in Lanka, he sends Hanuman to cross the sea. Hanuman goes there and find Seeta in Sundara mountain. He comes back and informs Rama about her being imprisoned there)

Yuddha Kaanda – (Rama prepares to fight Ravana. He builds a bridge and crosses over to Lanka and fights Ravana and kills him. He makes Ravana’s brother Vibhishana as the new king and returns to Ayodhya having completed his 14 years of exile. He is coronated

Uttara Kaanda – (After Rama becomes king, he is forced to exile Seeta because of her previous abduction. Seeta lives in the forest, gives birth to twins Lava and Kusha. Rama does Ashwamedha sacrifice where he lets a horse free to wander to establish his control on the kingdom. He meets Lava and Kusha then, brings them back to the kingdom)

In this rendition, M S Subbalakshmi sings this poem in 7 different raagas – Each Kaanda has a different raaga. Credit for the sanksrit version and images:


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